Wet Weather Problems in Corn and Soybeans

Area farmers may be concerned about the unusually high rain amounts we’ve seen this June and how this might affect corn and soybeans. Here are some issues to consider, and resources that can help. As always, call your co-op at (814) 793-2721 for personalized, expert advice on any topic related to growing corn or soybeans.

Corn: Nitrogen in nitrate form can leach from the soil into groundwater in wet conditions, which is a particular concern for corn. Although there’s no diagnostic test that can determine the exact amount of nitrogen in soil, a simple point system has been developed that can help you decide whether an additional application of nitrogen would be beneficial.  Visit the C.O.R.N. (Crop Observation and Recommendation Network) newsletter from The Ohio State University for details on how to evaluate your cornfields using this system.

Soybeans: Adverse effects of too much rain on soybeans can include reduced oxygenation of the roots, resulting in poor nodulation. Plants that are completely flooded for 24-48 hours might even die if the temperature is high enough. Also, saturated soybean fields are more likely to develop diseases due to water molds, once your plants have reached the V2 growing stage. The C.O.R.N. newsletter has more on these problems.

 

Keeping Soybean Plants Healthy in Different Stages

Being able to identify crop stages in soybeans is important in crop management, because stress affects soybeans differently at different stages. Minimizing stress during reproductive growth stages is vital to ensuring a good yield. For more on this topic, consult a illustrated, downloadable PDF from Channel, here.

Finally, with the wet and humid weather we’ve experienced lately, it’s a good idea to keep an eye out for fungal diseases in soybeans. Scout your crops regularly to watch for these diseases, and time fungicide applications carefully! Click here for a downloadable PDF from Channel on this topic.

Your co-op can provide expert help in managing your soybean crop  —  call us today at (814) 793-2721.

Maintaining Corn Health for Highest Yield

Some factors that affect corn yield — such as weather — are outside a farmer’s control. But there are many things you can do to help maximize your crop. Click on the links for informative, downloadable PDFs with much more on these topics.

Fungal disease management: Most corn diseases are fungal in nature and affect the leaves, reducing photosynthesis. It’s crucial to spot these diseases early, so that surrounding plants can be treated and protected.

Soil fertility: Late-season plants need fertile soil to thrive. A common problem is nitrogen deficiency, which results in yellowing leaves.

Bacterial disease management: The principal diseases to watch for are Holcus leaf spot, Goss’s wilt, Stewart’s wilt, and bacterial stalk rot.

Corn pest management: Armyworms, corn rootworms, stalk borers (European and common), and grasshoppers top the list of mid-season corn pests. Cutworms are also possible.

As always, we encourage you to contact your co-op at (814) 793-2721 for expert advice on any topic related to growing corn.

 

Join us on June 23 for the Twilight Grain Marketing Dinner Meeting

Your co-op is proud to sponsor the Twilight Grain Marketing Dinner Meeting, set for 4:30-9:00 pm on Tuesday, June 23! This informative meeting will enhance your understanding of key grain marketing concepts. We’ll meet at the Fabin Bros. Farms, 231 Bethel Church Road in Indiana, PA. See the event on Facebook, here! The evening will include:

  • A tour of the Fabin Bros. Farms, including their soybean processing operation.
  • Ed Usset, featured speaker: Ed is a grain marketing specialist at the University of Minnesota, and is a sought-after presenter across most grain-growing regions.
  • Richard “Dick” Cole, featured speaker: Dick is Director of Grain Origination for PA & NY, Perdue Agribusiness. His career has been spent working with ag commodity producers, brokers and end users.

This meeting is brought to you by AgChoice Farm Credit; Penn State Extension; Pennsylvania Grain Processing, LLC; K&S Millwrights; West Central Equipment; and Bedford Farm Bureau Co-op and Channel Seeds.

The event is free, and dinner is included — but please RSVP by June 15 by contacting AgChoice at 800-733-3183, or by email.

Click here for a downloadable flyer.

Checking for Damage From Cutworms

Although many fields are approaching V3-V5 stages and may soon grow past the threat, your co-op has seen fields damaged by the early-season pest of cutworms, the larvae of several kinds of night-flying moths. What’s more, Penn State is reporting significant cutworm activity this year, especially black cutworms. We strongly encourage you to walk your fields to check for this destructive pest.

You can download an informative PDF from Channel with photographs of the most common species of cutworms, and information on how to control them. As always, we encourage you to call us here at your co-op for expert pest management advice.