At the 2015 Bedford County Fair, a lot of winners have something in common—they’ve raised their prize animals on Bedford Farm Bureau Co-op feeds.
The list of winners we’ve fed this year include:
- Grand Champion Steer
- Grand Champion Light Weight Steer
- Grand Champion Goat
- Grand Champion Lamb
In addition to these top tier winners, all but one of the class winning steers raised their animal on Bedford Farm Bureau feeds. We’re proud of all of everyone that works so hard to show during fair season and are happy to have been able to provide assistance and expertise to them along the way.
This unusually rainy summer increases the chances of foot rot, a bacterial disease found in all ages of cattle. Normal, healthy hoof tissue is impervious to the several kinds of anaerobic bacteria that cause foot rot. But when cows stand in puddles or marshy ground, their hooves become soft and more vulnerable to small cuts and abrasions that provide bacteria an entry into the tissue. Foot rot typically has an incubation period of 5-7 days, during which the bacteria begin to secrete toxins that cause lameness.
- Tissue between the toes becomes red and swollen, and eventually splits.
- The foot is sometimes warm.
- The animal may develop a fever and become lethargic.
- Affected animals don’t eat enough, affecting their milk production and growth.
There are a variety of conditions that can masquerade as foot rot, so it’s important to get a correct diagnosis. Mild cases can be successfully treated with topical application of zinc sulfate, while more severe cases require antibiotics. However, foot rot can spread upward to the animal’s fetlock, and in these cases recovery is much less likely.
Prevention tips include:
- If possible, find ways to improve drainage in marshy, muddy areas of your pasture. Concrete pads in feeding/watering areas can be effective.
- Quarantining new animals is always a good idea.
- Foot rot can spread to your herd from infected soil on tires or boots. The bacteria can survive for up to 10 months — so be mindful of where you’ve driven or walked.
- Sometimes animals congregate in the same areas, resulting in a buildup of manure — in that case, finding ways to rotate them around the pasture can help keep their feet drier and healthier.
- Finally, supplementation with copper and zinc can help make your herd’s hooves healthier and less vulnerable to infection.
For expert advice on supplements or anything related to cattle farming, contact your co-op at 814-793-2721.
Bedford Farm Bureau Co-op is looking forward to the 2015 season of fairs and special events! Good luck to everyone showing at these events. We’ll see you there!
Yield loss can result when diseases develop in corn around the tasseling stage of growth. This summer has been rainy and humid so far, and these conditions favor the development of some types of corn diseases. Scout your fields frequently so that management can begin early — but be aware that several of these diseases have similar symptoms. For personalized help and recommendations, contact your co-op at 814-793-2721.
Diseases to watch for include:
Northern Corn Leaf Blight
- Fungal disease characterized by oblong grey or brown lesions of up to 6 inches long
- Margin often appears between lesion and healthy section of leaf
Grey Leaf Spot
- Gray or tan rectangular spots appearing first on lower leaves
- Fungal lesions may also appear on sheath or husk tissue
- Bacterial disease that’s easily confused with Northern Corn Leaf Blight
- Characterized by grey or black water streaks along veins, which later become large areas of dead leaf
Stewart’s Bacterial Wilt
- Bacterial disease characterized by green-gray leaf spots and stunted plants
- Flea beetles are a major cause
Anthracnose Leaf Blight
- Tan or brown lesions appear on younger leaves in oval or irregular shapes; they may include black, hair-like growths
- Fungal disease that often develops in humid, warm conditions
- Develops most often in cool, wet weather
- Characterized by small, circular leaf lesions with a “halo effect” in yellow or purple; lesions may also appear on husks and sheaths.
- Fungal disease characterized by rusty-colored, powdery leaf lesions
- Most likely to develop in humid, warm conditions
Physoderma Brown Spot
- Fungal disease characterized by small yellow spots that turn brown; spots appear on most parts of the plant
- Develops in warm, wet weather
Download an illustrated PDF from Channel on this topic here, and from Monsanto here.
So far, summer 2015 has been one of the rainiest on record. Cool, wet conditions can favor the development of white mold in soybeans, a fungal disease that can substantially affect your yield by reducing seed number and weight. Symptoms of white mold, which is also known as sclerotinia stem rot, include a fluffy, cotton-like white substance on plant stems and pods, bleached stems and wilted leaves.
In this conducive environment, growers may want to consider applying a fungicide. Several fungicides are approved for preventing and managing white mold — contact your co-op at 814-793-2721 for personalized recommendations.
Other ways to reduce the impact of white mold include:
- Rotating crops. The spores that cause white mold can survive in soil for several years, so rotating crops in fields with a history of the disease can reduce future outbreaks. Other steps you can take include reducing tillage in fields that have a history of the disease in order to prevent spores from surfacing.
- Plant and row spacing. Dense canopies and tightly-spaced rows are more favorable to white mold outbreaks.
Download an informative, illustrated PDF on this subject from Channel.